UEFA Euro 1992

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1992 UEFA European Football Championship
Europamästerskapet i fotboll
Sverige 1992
UEFA Euro 1992 logo.svg
Small is Beautiful
Tournament details
Host countrySweden
Dates10–26 June
Teams8
Venue(s)4 (in 4 host cities)
Final positions
Champions Denmark (1st title)
Runners-up Germany
Tournament statistics
Matches played15
Goals scored32 (2.13 per match)
Attendance430,111 (28,674 per match)
Top scorer(s)Denmark Henrik Larsen
Germany Karl-Heinz Riedle
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp
Sweden Tomas Brolin
(3 goals each)
1988
1996

The 1992 UEFA European Football Championship was hosted by Sweden between 10 and 26 June 1992. It was the ninth UEFA European Championship, which is held every four years and supported by UEFA.

Denmark won the 1992 championship having qualified only after Yugoslavia was disqualified as a result of the breakup of the country and the ensuing warfare there. Eight national teams contested the finals tournament.[1]

Also present at the tournament was the CIS national football team (Commonwealth of Independent States), representing the recently dissolved Soviet Union, whose national team had qualified for the tournament. It was also the first major tournament at which the reunified Germany (who were beaten 2–0 by Denmark in the final) had competed.

It was to be the last tournament with only eight participants, the last to award the winner of a match with only two points, and the last tournament before the introduction of the back-pass rule, which was brought in immediately after the tournament was completed. When the next competition was held in 1996, 16 teams were involved and were awarded three points for a win.

Bid process[edit]

On 16 December 1988, Sweden was chosen over Spain to host the event, following a decision made by the UEFA Executive Committee.[2] Spain was at a disadvantage as they had already been chosen to host the EXPO 1992 in Seville and the 1992 Summer Olympic Games in Barcelona.[2][3]

Summary[edit]

Seven of the eight teams had to qualify for the final stage; Sweden qualified automatically as hosts of the event.[4] The Soviet Union qualified for the finals shortly before the break-up of the country, and took part in the tournament under the banner of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS),[5] before the former Soviet republics formed their own national teams after the competition. The CIS team represented the following ex-Soviet republics: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Moldova, and Tajikistan. Four out of 15 ex-republics were not members of the CIS: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania did not send their players; Georgia was not a member of the CIS at the time, but Georgian Kakhaber Tskhadadze was a part of the squad.

Originally, Yugoslavia qualified for the final stage and were to participate as FR Yugoslavia, but due to the Yugoslav wars, the team was disqualified and their qualifying group's runner-up, Denmark, took part in the championship instead.[6] They shocked the continent when Peter Schmeichel saved Marco van Basten's penalty in the semi-final penalty shoot-out against the Netherlands, thus defeating the defending European champions.[7] The shock was compounded when Denmark went on to defeat the reigning world champions Germany 2–0 to win the European title.[8]

Qualification[edit]

Qualified teams[edit]

Team Qualified as Qualified on Previous appearances in tournament[A]
 Sweden Host 16 December 1988 0 (debut)
 France Group 1 winner 12 October 1991 2 (1960, 1984)
 England Group 7 winner 13 November 1991 3 (1968, 1980, 1988)
 CIS[B] Group 3 winner[C] 13 November 1991 5 (1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1988)
 Scotland Group 2 winner 13 November 1991 0 (debut)
 Germany[D] Group 5 winner 20 November 1991 5 (1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988)
 Netherlands Group 6 winner 4 December 1991 3 (1976, 1980, 1988)
 Denmark Group 4 runner-up[E] 31 May 1992 3 (1964, 1984, 1988)
  1. ^ Bold indicates champion for that year. Italic indicates host for that year.
  2. ^ From 1960 to 1988, CIS competed as the Soviet Union.
  3. ^ Replaced the Soviet Union.
  4. ^ From 1972 to 1988, Germany competed as West Germany. East Germany was drawn in the same group as West Germany but never played any competitive matches before the two teams were merged in 1990. Some players like Matthias Sammer made it from the East German to the unified team.
  5. ^ Replaced FR Yugoslavia (after qualifying as Yugoslavia), who were subject to sanctions under UN Security Council Resolution 757 and thus banned from appearing.[9]

Final draw[edit]

The draw for the final tournament took place on 17 January 1992 in Gothenburg. Only two teams were seeded: Sweden (as hosts) and the Netherlands (as holders).[10][11] The remaining six teams were all unseeded and could be drawn in any group. More than four months after the draw, Yugoslavia was banned from participating and replaced by Denmark, which had come second in the qualifying group.

In the draw procedure, the unseeded teams were drawn one-by-one. The first two were placed in position 4 of each group, the next two in position 3, and the last 2 in position 2. Next the two seeded teams were drawn and placed consecutively into position 1 of the groups.

Seeded Unseeded
  1. ^ Hosts Sweden were automatically assigned to position A1.
  2. ^ Defending champions the Netherlands were automatically assigned to position B1.
  3. ^ Yugoslavia were to participate in the final tournament as FR Yugoslavia. However, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was placed under sanctions on 30 May 1992 by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 after the outbreak of Yugoslav Wars.[9] FIFA and UEFA therefore suspended FR Yugoslavia from competitive football on 31 May 1992, meaning they could not participate in the final tournament. Denmark instead took the spot at the final tournament.

The draw resulted in the following groups:[12]

Group A
Pos Team
A1  Sweden
A2  France
A3  Yugoslavia Denmark
A4  England
Group B
Pos Team
B1  Netherlands
B2  Scotland
B3  CIS
B4  Germany

Venues[edit]

Gothenburg Stockholm
Ullevi Råsunda Stadium
Capacity: 44,000 Capacity: 40,000
Nyaullevi.jpg Råsunda Stadium.jpg
Malmö Norrköping
Malmö Stadion Idrottsparken
Capacity: 30,000 Capacity: 23,000
Malmö stadion.jpg Norrkopings idrottspark.jpg

Squads[edit]

Each national team had to submit a squad of 20 players.

Match ball[edit]

Adidas Etrusco Unico was used as the official match ball of the tournament. The ball was previously used in the 1990 FIFA World Cup.

Match officials[edit]

Country Referee Linesmen Matches refereed
 Austria Hubert Forstinger Johann Möstl Alois Pemmer France 1–2 Denmark
 Belgium Guy Goethals Pierre Mannaerts Robert Surkijn Scotland 0–2 Germany
 CIS Alexey Spirin Victor Filippov Andrei Butenko Sweden 1–1 France
 Denmark Peter Mikkelsen Arne Paltoft Jørgen Ohmeyer Netherlands 0–0 CIS
 France Gérard Biguet Marc Huguenin Alain Gourdet CIS 1–1 Germany
 Germany Aron Schmidhuber Joachim Ren Uwe Ennuschat Sweden 1–0 Denmark
 Hungary Sándor Puhl László Varga Sándor Szilágyi France 0–0 England
 Italy Pierluigi Pairetto Domenico Ramicone Maurizio Padovan Netherlands 3–1 Germany
Tullio Lanese Sweden 2–3 Germany (Semi-final)
 Netherlands John Blankenstein Jan Dolstra Robert Overkleeft Denmark 0–0 England
 Portugal José Rosa dos Santos Valdemar Aguiar Pinto Lopes Antonio Guedes Gomes De Carvalho Sweden 2–1 England
 Spain Emilio Soriano Aladrén Francisco García Pacheco José Luis Iglesia Casas Netherlands 2–2 Denmark (Semi-final)
 Sweden Bo Karlsson Lennart Sundqvist Bo Persson Netherlands 1–0 Scotland
  Switzerland Kurt Röthlisberger Zivanko Popović Paul Wyttenbach Scotland 3–0 CIS
Bruno Galler Denmark 2–0 Germany (Final)
Fourth officials
Country Fourth officials
 Austria Gerhard Kapl
 Belgium Frans van den Wijngaert
 CIS Vadim Zhuk
 Denmark Kim Milton Nielsen
 France Rémi Harrel
 Germany Karl-Josef Assenmacher
 Hungary Sándor Varga
 Netherlands Mario van der Ende
 Portugal Jorge Emanuel Monteiro Coroado
 Sweden Leif Sundell

Group stage[edit]

Results. Yugoslavia (stripes) qualified and were to participate as FR Yugoslavia, but were banned and so replaced by Denmark. CIS (yellow on the right side of the map) qualified as Soviet Union.

The teams finishing in the top two positions in each of the two groups progress to the semi-finals, while the bottom two teams in each group were eliminated from the tournament.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Tiebreakers[edit]

If two or more teams finished level on points after completion of the group matches, the following tie-breakers were used to determine the final ranking:

  1. Greater number of points in all group matches
  2. Goal difference in all group matches
  3. Greater number of goals scored in all group matches
  4. Drawing of lots

Group 1[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Sweden (H) 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Denmark 3 1 1 1 2 2 0 3
3  France 3 0 2 1 2 3 −1 2
4  England 3 0 2 1 1 2 −1 2
Source: UEFA
(H) Host
Sweden 1–1 France
Report
Attendance: 29,860
Referee: Alexey Spirin (CIS)
Denmark 0–0 England
Report
Attendance: 26,385

France 0–0 England
Report
Attendance: 26,535
Sweden 1–0 Denmark
Report
Attendance: 29,902

Sweden 2–1 England
Report
France 1–2 Denmark
Report
Attendance: 25,763

Group 2[edit]

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Netherlands 3 2 1 0 4 1 +3 5 Advance to knockout stage
2  Germany 3 1 1 1 4 4 0 3
3  Scotland 3 1 0 2 3 3 0 2
4  CIS 3 0 2 1 1 4 −3 2
Source: UEFA
Netherlands 1–0 Scotland
Report
Attendance: 35,720
Referee: Bo Karlsson (Sweden)
CIS 1–1 Germany
Report
Attendance: 17,410

Scotland 0–2 Germany
Report
Attendance: 17,638
Netherlands 0–0 CIS
Report
Attendance: 34,440

Netherlands 3–1 Germany
Report
Attendance: 37,725
Scotland 3–0 CIS
Report

Knockout stage[edit]

In the knockout phase, extra time and a penalty shoot-out were used to decide the winner if necessary. As with every tournament since UEFA Euro 1984, there was no third place play-off.

All times are local, CEST (UTC+2).

Bracket[edit]

 
Semi-finalsFinal
 
      
 
22 June – Gothenburg
 
 
 Netherlands2 (4)
 
26 June – Gothenburg
 
 Denmark (p)2 (5)
 
 Denmark2
 
21 June – Solna
 
 Germany0
 
 Sweden2
 
 
 Germany3
 

Semi-finals[edit]

Sweden 2–3 Germany
Report
Attendance: 28,827
Referee: Tullio Lanese (Italy)

Final[edit]

Denmark 2–0 Germany
Report
Attendance: 37,800[13]

Statistics[edit]

Goalscorers[edit]

There were 32 goals scored in 15 matches, for an average of 2.13 goals per match.

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Source: UEFA[14]

Awards[edit]

UEFA Team of the Tournament[15]
Goalkeeper Defenders Midfielders Forwards
Denmark Peter Schmeichel France Jocelyn Angloma
France Laurent Blanc
Germany Andreas Brehme
Germany Jürgen Kohler
Denmark Brian Laudrup
Germany Stefan Effenberg
Germany Thomas Häßler
Netherlands Ruud Gullit
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp
Netherlands Marco van Basten

Marketing[edit]

Slogan and theme song[edit]

Small is Beautiful was the official slogan of the contest.[5] The official anthem of the tournament was "More Than a Game", performed by Towe Jaarnek and Peter Jöback.

Logo and identity[edit]

It was the last tournament to use the UEFA plus flag logo, and the last before the tournament came to be known as "Euro" (it is known as "Euro 1992" only retrospectively). It was also the first major football competition in which the players had their names printed on their backs, at around the time that it was becoming a trend in club football across Europe.

Mascot[edit]

The official mascot of the competition was a rabbit named Rabbit, dressed in a Swedish football jersey, and wearing head and wristbands while playing with a ball.[16]

Sponsorship[edit]

Global sponsors Event sponsors
Sweden

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chowdhury, Saj (12 May 2012). "Euro 1992: Denmark's fairytale". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Sweden to host 1992 Euro finals". New Straits Times. Reuters. 18 December 1988. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  3. ^ Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: Die Geschichte der Fußball-Europameisterschaft, Verlag Die Werkstatt, ISBN 978-3-89533-553-2
  4. ^ Hughes, Rob (16 October 1991). "Now, the going gets tough". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b Hughes, Rob (10 June 1992). "Confidence and flair: Dutch favored in Euro 92". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Yugoslav athletes banned". The New York Times. 1 June 1992. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  7. ^ Thomsen, Ian (23 June 1992). "Danes upset Dutch in penalty shoot-out, advance to final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  8. ^ Thomsen, Ian (27 June 1992). "Upstart Danes upend Germany, 2–0, in soccer final". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
  9. ^ a b "United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia)". UMN.edu. United Nations. 30 May 1992. Retrieved 18 August 2008.
  10. ^ "Duitsland speelt met Luxemburg" [Germany plays with Luxembourg]. Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Zeeland. 19 December 1991. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  11. ^ "Liedholm verricht loting" [Liedholm conducts draw]. Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Zeeland. 13 January 1992. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  12. ^ "Nederland weer tegen Duitsland" [Netherlands again against Germany]. Provinciale Zeeuwse Courant (in Dutch). Zeeland. 18 January 1992. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  13. ^ "European Football Championship 1992 FINAL". euro2000.org. Union of European Football Associations. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Season 1992 | UEFA EURO | UEFA.com". Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  15. ^ "1992 team of the tournament". Union of European Football Associations. 17 October 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  16. ^ Kell, Tom (1 February 2013). "The weird and wonderful world of Euro mascots". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 5 April 2015.

External links[edit]