Hayır Bey

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Bıyıklı Mehmed Paşa.jpg

Hayır Bey (sometimes spelled Kha'ir Bey or Kha'ir Beg) or Khayrbak (died 1522) ruled Egypt in the name of the Ottoman Empire from 1517 until his death in 1522.[1][2][3] He was granted the position of governor by sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire for his help in the conquest of Egypt.

Being of Abkhazian origin,[4] he was the former Mamluk governor of Aleppo who contributed to the Ottoman victory at the Battle of Marj Dabiq. After the Ottoman conquest of the Mamluks and the end of the Mamluk Sultanate, the grand vizier Yunus Pasha was made the governor of Egypt. However, after Ottoman sultan Selim I found out about Yunus Pasha's corruption in governing, consisting of bribery and extortion, Hayır Bey was entrusted with the governorship of Egypt.[5]

His residence was the Amir Alin Aq Palace and he built the Amir Khayrbak Funerary Complex.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Süreyya, Bey Mehmet, Nuri Akbayar, and Seyit Ali. Kahraman. Sicill-i Osmanî. Beşiktaş, İstanbul: Kültür Bakanlığı Ile Türkiye Ekonomik Ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı'nın Ortak Yayınıdır, 1890. Print.
  2. ^ Yılmaz Öztuna (1994). Büyük Osmanlı Tarihi: Osmanlı Devleti'nin siyasî, medenî, kültür, teşkilât ve san'at tarihi. 10. Ötüken Neşriyat A.S. pp. 412–416. ISBN 975-437-141-5.
  3. ^ Behrens-abouseif, Doris; Crecelius, Daniel (1995), "Egypt's Adjustment to Ottoman Rule: Institutions, Waqf & Architecture in Cairo (16th & 17th Centuries), (Islamic History & Civilization, Volume 7)", Middle East Studies Association Bulletin, 29 (1): 90–91
  4. ^ А.Ш.Кадырбаев, Сайф-ад-Дин Хайр-Бек - абхазский "король эмиров" Мамлюкского Египта (1517-1522), "Материалы первой международной научной конференции, посвященной 65-летию В.Г.Ардзинба". Сухум: АбИГИ, 2011, pp. 87-95
  5. ^ D. E. Pitcher (1972). An Historical Geography of the Ottoman Empire: From Earliest Times to the End of the Sixteenth Century. Brill Archive. p. 105. Retrieved 2 June 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lellouch, Benjamin (2018). "Khāyrbak". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. ISSN 1873-9830.
Political offices
Preceded by
Yunus Pasha
Ottoman Governor of Egypt
1517–1522
Succeeded by
Çoban Mustafa Pasha